CBSE Syllabus 2012-2013 for 12 Std
The Syllabus in the subject of Mathematics has undergone changes from time to time in accordance with growth of the subject and emerging needs of the society. Senior Secondary stage is a launching stage from where the students go either for higher academic education in Mathematics or for professional courses like engineering, physical and Bioscience, commerce or computer applications. The present revised syllabus has been designed in accordance with National Curriculum Frame work 2005 and as per guidelines given in Focus Group on Teaching of Mathematics 2005 which is to meet the emerging needs of all categories of students. Motivating the topics from real life situations and other subject areas, greater emphasis has been laid on application of various concepts.
The new and updated CBSE syllabus for 12 Std Chemistry is based on disciplinary approach with rigour depth taking care that the CBSE syllabus 12 Chemistry is not heavy and at the same time it is comparable to the international level. The knowledge related to the subject of Chemistry has undergone tremendous changes during the past one decade. Many new areas like synthetic materials, bio -molecules, natural resources, industrial chemistry are coming in a big way and deserve to be an integral part of CBSE 12 chemistry syllabus stage At international level, new formulations and nomenclature of elements and compounds, symbols and units of physical quantities floated by scientific bodies like IUPAC and CGPM are of immense importance and need to be incorporated in the updated 12 CBSE syllabus. The revised CBSE 12 syllabus takes care of all these aspects. Greater emphasis has been laid on use of new nomenclature, symbols and formulations, teaching of fundamental concepts, application of concepts in chemistry to industry/ technology, logical sequencing of units, removal of obsolete content and repetition etc.
CBSE Syllabus for 12 is a stage of transition from general education to discipline-based focus on curriculum. The present updated CBSE Syllabus for 12 keeps in view the rigour and depth of disciplinary approach as well as the comprehension level of learners. Due care has also been taken that the CBSE Syllabus for 12 is comparable to the international standards. Salient features of the CBSE Syllabus for 12 include:
The present CBSE syllabus for 12 Std Biology reinforces the ideas introduced till the secondary classes. It provides the students with new concepts along with an extended exposure to contemporary areas of the subject. The CBSE syllabus for 12 Std Biology also aims at emphasizing on the underlying principles that are common to both animals and plants as well as highlighting the relationship of biology with other areas of knowledge. The format of the syllabus allows a simple, clear, sequential flow of concepts without any jarring jumps. The CBSE syllabus for 12 Std Biology also stresses on making connections better among biological concepts. It relates the study of biology to real life through the use of techonology. It links the discoveries and innovations in biology to everyday life, such as environment, industry, health and agriculture. The updated CBSE syllabus for 12 Std Biology also focuses on reducing the curriculum load while ensuring that ample opportunities and scope for learning and appreciating basic concepts of the subject continue to be available within its framework.
The CBSE syllabus for English of class 12th is intended to give students a high level of competence in English with an emphasis on the study of literary texts and will provide extensive exposure to a variety of rich texts of world literature as well as to Indian writings in English, including classics, and develop sensitivity to the creative and imaginative uses of English and give them a taste for reading with delight and discernment. The CBSE syllabus for English of class 12th will be pitched at a level which the students may find challenging. The course is primarily designed to equip the students to pursue higher studies in English literature and English language at the college level and prepare students to become teachers of English.